Distinctions

 

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FIAP and PSA Definitions

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Set out below are the definitions that FIAP and PSA apply to International Salons and Exhibitions under their patronage. The FIAP definitions have generally been accepted by PAGB and consequently affect many of our competitions. Those of our members who enter International Salons that are patronised by FIAP or PSA, or both should make themselves familiar with these definitions. In these days of Digital Imaging and ‘post processing’ there are significant restrictions on what is permitted. What is judged to be deliberate failure (or even repeated carelessness) to observe some of these definitions can and has resulted in individuals being banned from entering exhibitions and competitions.

FIAP Definition of a Black and White (Monochrome) Print

A black and white work fitting from the very dark grey (black) to the very clear grey (white) is a monochrome work with the various shades of grey. A black and white work toned entirely in a single colour will remain a monochrome work able to stand in the black and white category; such a work can be reproduced in black and white in the catalogue of a salon under FIAP Patronage.

On the other hand a black and white work modified by a partial toning or by the addition of one colour becomes a colour work (polychrome) to stand in the colour category; such a work requires colour reproduction in the catalogue of a salon under FIAP Patronage.

PSA – Definitions of Monochrome

PSA offer the choice of the following two definitions for Monochrome:

A monochrome print is defined as having no more than two colours: monochrome plus one other colour, or

A monochrome print is defined as having no more than one colour; but it may be any single colour.

FIAP Definition of Nature Photography

Nature photography depicts living, untamed animals and uncultivated plants in a natural habitat, geology and the wide diversity of natural phenomena, from insects to icebergs. Photographs of animals which are domesticated, caged or under any form of restraint, as well as photographs of cultivated plants are ineligible.

Minimal evidence of humans Is acceptable for nature subjects, such as barn owls or storks adapting to an environment modified by humans, or natural forces, like hurricanes or tidal waves, reclaiming it.

The original image must have been taken by the photographer, whatever photographic medium is used. Any manipulation or modification to the original image is limited to minor retouching of blemishes and must not alter the content of the original scene.

After satisfying the above requirements, every effort should be made to use the highest level of artistic skill in all nature photographs.

FIAP Definition of “Traditional Photo”

A traditional photograph maintains the original image content with minimal adjustments which should not  alter the reality of the scene and should appear natural. Rearranging, replacing, adding to or removing any part of the original image except by cropping is stricly forbidden.

This definition can be applied to the following sections:- Open, Photojournalism, Travel, Series, Portfolios and Themes.  If adopyted the label the label “Traditional Photo” shall be added to the above mentioned sections In this case the letters TRAD have to be added to the sections’ name (e.g. Open (TRAD)). The definition has to be published in the salon regulations.

PSA:- Nature – General Definition

Nature photography is restricted to the use of the photographic process to depict observations from all branches of natural history, except anthropology and archeology, in such a fashion that a well informed person will be able to identify the subject material and to certify as to its honest presentation.

The story telling value of a photograph must be weighed more than the pictorial quality. Human elements shall not be present, except on the rare occasion where those human elements enhance the nature story.

The presence of scientific bands on wild animals is acceptable. Photographs of artificially produced hybrid plants or animals, mounted specimens, or obviously set arrangements, are ineligible, as is any form of manipulation that alters the truth of the photographic statement. No elements may be moved, cloned, added, deleted, rearranged or combined.

No manipulation or modification is permitted except resizing, cropping, selective lightening or darkening, and restoration of original color of the scene. No special effect filters can be applied. Any sharpening must appear natural.”

PSA – Nature – Wildlife Definition

In addition to the General Definition above, Wildlife is defined as one or more organisms defined as, “Authentic living free and unrestrained in a natural or adopted habitat. Therefore, photographs of zoo or game farm animals are not eligible for the PSA Silver Wildlife Medal.”

PSA – Photo Travel Definition

A Photo Travel slide, print or electronic file must express the feeling of a time and place, portray a land, its people, or a culture in its natural state, and has no geographical limitations. Ultra close-ups which lose their identity, studio-type model shots, or photographic manipulations that misrepresent the true situation or alter the content of the image are unacceptable in Photo Travel competition.

No elements may be moved, cloned, added, deleted, rearranged or combined. No manipulation or modification is permitted except resizing, cropping, selective lightening or darkening, and restoration of original colour of the scene. No special effect filters can be applied. Any sharpening must appear natural.

PSA – Photojournalism

Photojournalism entries shall consist of pictures or sequences with informative content and emotional impact, including human interest, documentary and spot news. The journalistic value of the photograph shall be considered over pictorial quality. In the interest of credibility, photographs that misrepresent the truth, such as manipulation to alter the subject matter, or situations which are set up for the purpose of photography, are unacceptable in Photojournalism competition.

No elements may be moved, cloned, added, deleted, rearranged or combined. No manipulation or modification is permitted except resizing, cropping, selective lightening or darkening, and restoration of original colour of the scene. No special effect filters can be applied. Any sharpening must appear natural.

Human Interest in Photojournalism is defined as an image depicting a person or persons in an interactive, emotional or unusual situation, excluding sports action.

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All images on this site are subject to copyright (c) and should not be used without express permission of the author. Website by Gerry Adcock ARPS e-mail gerry@ncpf.org.uk